Bible Characters in the Quran (2)

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Islamic records make references to many Jews and Christians living in Arabia during Muhammad’s time. He obviously heard some Bible stories from them and even appealed to their Scriptures for legitimacy.

But while the Quran claims to be a confirmation of the Bible and a fuller explanation of it, many of its teachings and stories directly contradict it.

Pharaoh and Moses

The Quranic account of Moses is laden with several historical, chronological and Biblical errors that no rational person should have any qualms dismissing it as a poorly crafted redaction. For example:

So the magicians were thrown down to prostration; they said, ‘We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses. (Pharaoh) said: Believe ye in Him before I give you permission? Surely this must be your leader, who has taught you magic! be sure I will cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will have you crucified on trunks of palm-trees; so shall ye know for certain, which of us can give the more severe and the more lasting punishment” (Sura 20:70-71).

This is hogwash. Muhammad shamelessly abjures millennia of Jewish and Egyptian history by presenting Moses, Aaron and the magicians as Muslims.

Furthermore, crucifixion as a means of execution was unknown in Egypt during this time of history, so the statement alluded to Pharaoh is an impossible one.

Interestingly, maiming and crucifixion were also prescribed by Allah/Muhammad for anyone who insults Islam (Sura 5:33). It seems the cruel spirit that inhabited the Quranic Pharaoh also inspired Muhammad.

The Quran’s author wasn’t also sure whether the ancient Egyptians were polytheists or monotheists.

Sura 7:127 “The chiefs of Firaun’s (Pharaoh) people said ‘will you leave Musa (Moses) and his people to spread mischief in the land and to abandon you and your gods. He said we will kill their sons…

Sura 28:38 “And Pharaoh said ‘Council I know not that you have any god but me. Kindle me Haman, a fire upon the clay, and make me a tower, that I may mount up to Moses’ god for I think that he is one of the liars.

Moses and the Israelites

The episode of the children of Israel’s worship of a golden calf in the Quran is plagued with several problems.

Sura 7:149 says that the children of Israel “repented, and saw that they had erred” and begged the Lord for forgiveness before Moses’ return but Sura 20:91 says the opposite: “They had said, We will not abandon this cult, but we will devote ourselves to it until Moses returns to us.”

In the real Bible account, the Israelites didn’t repent of their idolatry before Moses’ return (Ex. 32:18-26).

Adding to this conundrum, the Quran is not sure whom to blame for this apostasy. In Sura 20:85, Allah says “Verily, we have tried thy people, since thou didst leave them. The Samaritan has misled them into error.”

Allah tried them by leading them into idolatry or he used a Samaritan to pull it off. This is even an anachronism.

Samaria was not existing at the time Moses was leading the children of Israel. It was a city built about 7 centuries later, so there couldn’t have been “a Samaritan” (or a Samari) with them. Where did he even come from? Did he descend from heaven or ascend from below?

When Moses returned and chastised the people for their apostasy, they told him “we were loaded with fardels, even the ornaments of the people [of Egypt] and we cast them, as the Samaritan also threw them, into the fire” (Sura 20:87).

They were blaming God for blessing them with too much gold! A forger hath done this.

In the Bible, only the women and very young male children had jewelry on them (Exodus 32:2). Once again, the “Samaritan myth” is exposed for what it is.

In the Quran, after the calf was made by the ‘Samaritan’, it “had a mooing sound, so they said: This is your god, and the god of Musa” (Sura 20:88). Such Arabian night tales are not in the Bible.

In vv. 92-94, Moses blamed Aaron for the apostasy and even plucked out his beard. But wasn’t it Allah/Samari that did the job?

Verse 97 quotes Moses saying: “Verily we will burn it [the idol] and will scatter its dust over the sea.” Which sea? They were in a wilderness! Allah didn’t know this.

David and Saul

And (further) their Prophet said to them: ‘A sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant, with (and assurance) therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this symbol for you if ye indeed have faith” (Sura 2:248).

The name of this prophet is not given in the Quran, but from the Bible, we know he is Samuel. The Israelites were fed up with the corrupt judges ruling them and so asked him to appoint them a king like other nations (1 Sam. 8:1-5).

The Ark had been returned to Israel decades before Saul became king, so it couldn’t have been “the sign of his authority” (1 Sam. 10).

The Hebrew word “sakinat” used for the Ark here is one of the many non-Arabic words smuggled into the Quran.

The Ark contained the stone tablets of the 10 commandments (Ex. 25:16), the golden pot of manna (Ex. 16:32-34) and Aaron’s budding rod (Num. 17:1-11). They weren’t relics from Moses and Aaron’s family. When the Temple was dedicated, only the stone tablets remained (1 Kgs. 8:9).

Muhammad probably heard from the Jews about cherubims on the Ark’s cover but didn’t understand that they were carvings, not literal angels. The Ark was carried by the Levites (Dt. 31:9).

Apparently, Muhammad thought the Ark was in heaven, so he too claimed that his own “scriptures” were also preserved on a tablet in heaven (Q 85:22).

Verse 249 reads:

And when Saul went forth with the hosts he said, ‘God will try you with a river; whosoever drinks of it is not of me, and whoso tastes it flot, he is of me, saving him who scoops up with his hand.’ But they drank of it, except a few of them; and when he crossed it, and those who disbelieved with him, they said, ‘We have no power today against Goliath and his hosts…’

This is a confusion of Gideon’s story with that of Saul. In the Bible, Gideon led Israel against the Midianites and his army was tested at the stream (Judges 7). Whereas Saul’s battle was against the Ammorites about 110 years after Gideon’s time (1 Sam. 11-12).

Saul’s battle was not even against Goliath, because by then, he had been rejected by God. The Quran mixes up details of separate stories at different times and weaves them into one.

Solomon

The Quran’s account of Solomon reads like a badly scripted Arabian legend:

And there were gathered together unto Solomon his armies of the jinn and humankind, and of the birds, and they were set in battle order. Till they reached the Valley of the Ants, an ant exclaimed: O ants! Enter your dwellings lest Solomon and his armies crush you, unperceiving” (Sura 27:17-18).

One must ask why Muhammad – “the seal of the prophets” – didn’t also marshal such a wonderful army of aves, spirits and men like Sulaimon. This is a fairy tale for children.

Ants do not talk; they are unable to recognize human faces and avoid being crushed. How did Solomon retain his sanity if he heard the voices of all the insects around him chattering day and night? Was that wisdom or lunacy?

Between vv. 22-28, Solomon carries on a long conversation with a Hoopoe bird whom he sent to the Queen of Sheba. The bird tells Solomon:

I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah, and Satan maketh their works fairseeing unto them and debarreth them from the way (of Truth)…” (v. 24).

There you have it: a Muslim bird with a fully developed human brain!

Sura 34:14 says: “Then, when We decreed (Solomon’s) death nothing showed them his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his staff; so when he fell down, the jinns saw plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have tamed in the humiliating Penalty (of their Task).”

How did this work out? Solomon stood there for months (or years), waiting for a little worm to finish him up till he fell apart. How did a little worm eat away at his staff?

In Sura 72, jinns (demons) told Muhammad about Allah, heaven and the earth, but here they were deceived by Allah to keep working for Solomon not knowing he had died. This book is an insult to human intelligence.

Mary

An entire sura is named after Mary the mother of Jesus, but much of what the Quran says about her are fictitious.

Sura 3:35 says of Mary’s mother. “(Remember) when the wife of Imran said, My Lord! I have vowed unto Thee that which is in my belly as a consecrated (offering)…”

This is an error. Mary’s mother couldn’t have been the wife of Amran (or Imran) who was Moses’ father!

“The name of Amran’s wife was Jocebed the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt, and to Amran she bore Aaron, and Moses and their sister Miriam” (Num. 26:59).

Ibn Kathir gave Mary’s mother’s name as Anna but this suggests that Muhammad confused the story of Hanna in the OT with that of prophetess Anna in the Temple at the time of Jesus. Whereas they lived over 1,000 years apart.

In Sura 3:36-37, we are told that Zechariah was Mary’s guardian in the Temple and whenever he “went into the sanctuary where she was, he found that she had food.”

When asked she said “It is from Allah.” This is a fabricated story (apparently, Muhammad weaved in Elijah’s story of miraculous food supply).

Mary and Zacharias didn’t live in the same town, so he couldn’t have been her guardian (Lk. 1:26). Also, if Zacharias was a prophet of Allah, he certainly would have known where Maryam’s food was coming from. Sura 19:27, however, gives a nuanced version of this story:

[Allah says to Mary:] So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: ‘Verily I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficient (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.

Allah asks Mary to lie to people that she was fasting when she was actually feasting! Quite telling. There’s also a discrepancy in the number of angels that visited Mary:

And when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah hath chosen thee and made thee pure … (And remember) when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah hath given thee glad tidings of a word from him, whose name is the Messiah…” (Sura 3:42, 45)

“…Then we sent our angel to her and he appeared to her in the form of a well proportioned man… The angel said, ‘I am only a messenger of thy Lord, that I may give thee glad tidings of a righteous son” (Sura 19:17-19).

After Maryam gave birth to baby Jesus in a secluded place, she returned to her people who exclaimed:

O Mary! Thou hast come with an amazing thing. O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a wicked man or was thy mother a harlot” (Sura 19:27-28).

This statement is an unfortunate anachronism. Mary couldn’t have been Aaron’s sister since they didn’t live in the same century.

Muhammad confused Miriam the sister of Aaron with Maryam the mother of Jesus (the name is the same in Arabic) not realizing they were different women who lived 1,500 years apart.

By claiming that Mary was a daughter of Imran and a sister of Aaron, the Quran is implying that Moses was Jesus’ cousin! This historical compression exposes the Quran as a binded book of lies.

If this book can be so flat-out wrong about Bible characters, then its claims about Jesus cannot be reliable either. This is why Muslim leaders try to scare their followers away from reading the Bible by themselves. But a truth-seeking Muslim must reject lies and cleave to truth. The Bible is the truth.

Islam in Wonderland

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You can’t be a good Muslim if you don’t have a flare for myths and fantasies. The core one says: “Islam is the religion of all the prophets of God.”

Muhammad’s claims are so full of holes – historically and logically – that believing them requires a wandering out of the realm of reality.

Believing in Islam is like wearing goggles that make you step into a world of virtual reality where you encounter fictitious or mythical characters designed by a computer programmer. This is why Islam is largely defended by lies and violence. When you believe in reality and facts, you don’t need to resort to such vices.

Every history book agrees that Muhammad was the founder of Islam. Before him, Islam simply didn’t exist. Muhammad himself said he is “the first” to be a Muslim (Sura 6:14, 163).

But Muslims realize this can have a devastating effect on their myth of a long line of Islamic prophets traced back to Adam, so they twist the verse to say he was the first among the Arabs to be a Muslim.

When his religion expanded, Muhammad himself forgot his earlier lies (liars have poor memory). He later claimed Moses said “I am the first Moslem” (Sura 7:143). How ridiculous. How can there be two “firsts?”

In Sura 2:127-128 Abraham and Ishmael are presented as Arabs who built the Kaaba praying: “Our ‘Lord! Make us Muslims…”

Sura 2:132 also says Abraham left a legacy to his sons and Jacob saying: “Allah has chosen faith for you, then die not except in the faith of Islam”.

Historically, the terms “Muslim” or “Islam” didn’t exist at the time these men lived. So whoever wrote the Quran must be a fraudster, making up fictional speeches for Bible characters.

Our Muslim friends desperately cleave to these myths by arguing that “All the prophets taught us to worship one God, so they are Muslims!”

By this definition, then, anyone who believes in “one God” is automatically a Muslim. Since Jews, Zoroastrians, Sikhs and even some Satanists believe in “one God”, they are Muslims! Nice try, but it won’t work.

Muslims apologists perennially slander the Bible in their videos, books and sermons as “porno”, a collection of fairy tales or a corrupted book, but when it comes to tracing Islam back to solid history, they don’t go to the Vedas or Ramayana, they go to that dangerous Book – the Bible.

They often bleat with certainty: “There is Islam in the Bible!” When you ask them where it is, they will point to Exodus 40:30-31, and say “Moses did ablution.” Here is the passage:

And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash withal. And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat.”

Only Moses, Aaron and his priestly sons washed themselves, not all the worshippers. And there is no way a sacrificial altar would be allowed in a mosque so you can’t say he was observing ablution.

Muslims don’t want to let go. They tell us Moses and Aaron were Muslims because they “fell on their faces, and the glory of the LORD appeared to them” (Num. 20:6).

But they didn’t do ablution before they bowed! Again, does the glory of God appear to you Muslims when you bow to your Allah? They’d answer “No.” Certainly, the God they prayed to is not the Allah of Islam.

Others point at Nehemiah 8:6 where Ezra and the people “blessed the LORD…while lifting up their hands. And they bowed their heads…

They argue that this is also an “Islamic” mode of worship. By this definition, anyone who lifts up his hands and bows his head is a Muslim!

What about the crippled, the lame who can’t bow or those whose hands were amputated by Sharia law for stealing and have no hands to raise? They can’t worship Allah – right?

If Allah wants to be worshiped only by bowing and hand-lifting why did he even prescribe that law of amputation? This argument folds upon itself on scrutiny.

Without any sense of irony, Muslims boldly claim Jesus too was a Muslim because he practiced ‘ablution’: “He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet” (Jn. 13:5).

I need a Muslim to show me where in his books does the washing of the feet alone equals ablution. After that he would have to take us to a mosque where the imam performs ablution by washing the feet of his congregants one after the other.

It will be a sight worth seeing. Until then, every Muslim appealing to that passage is shooting himself in the leg, theologically and logically.

This feeble attempt to co-opt Jesus into a Muslim is based on Muhammad’s claim in the Quran that Jesus began to talk shortly after he was born saying:

I am a servant of Allah; he has given me the book and he has appointed me a prophet…to offer salat and give zakat so long as I shall live” (Sura 19:29-31)

This was an old fairy tale stolen from an apocrypha work called The Arabic gospel of Infancy. There it was alleged that “Jesus spake in his cradle and said to Mary his mother ‘verily I am Jesus, the Son of God, the Word which thou hast borne…” (Chapter 1).

Muhammad altered this fairy tale, changed the words of its Jesus to make his own mythical version of a Muslim baby Jesus (using Islamic terms like “salat” and “zakat”). This man would have done a better job than Alice in Wonderland.

According to the hadith, a Muslim is one who observes all the 5 pillars of Islam – recites the shahada, prays (salat), give alms (zakat), performs hajj and fasts (ramadan) (Bukhari 1:7).

Since Jesus did not say the creed, perform the salat, give zakat, perform the pagan hajj or observe the ramadan, by the islamic definition, He wasn’t a Muslim.

Muslims also argue, “But Jesus did rakat, he bowed his head the way we Muslims do.” They cite Matthew 26:39

And he went a little further, and fell on His face and prayed, saying, O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me, nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.”

Does this sound like an Islamic prayer? Jesus addressed God as “My Father” in His prayer, Is Allah the Father of Jesus Christ? Sorry folks, Jesus didn’t practice Islam.

The Quran is full of recycled fairy tales, some of which were attached to Bible characters. For example, the case of king Solomon. In the Quran, he is portrayed as one who is able to listen to the discussion of birds and ants:

At length, when they came to the valley of ants, one of the ants said ‘get into your habitation lest Solomon and his hosts crush (under foot) without knowing it.” (Sura 27:18)

One wonders how Solomon was able to maintain his sanity hearing thousands of insects all around him “talking” day and night? Or how does an ant have the brain to recognise people or know they want to get crushed?

Islamic scholar, Muhammad Assad, has even dismissed this tale as a borrowed legend:

“This is the Quranic moral of the legendary story of the ant. The Quran alludes to many poetic legends which were associated with his (Solomon’s) name since early antiquity and had become part and parcel of Judeo-Christian and Arabian lore long before the advent of Islam” (The Message of the Quran, Dar Al-Andalus, 1993, p. 578).

If all the prophets of old in the Quran were Muslims, then why Muhammad was grossly inferior to them in acts and signs? Did Allah loose his power over time?

Ibrahim’s son was spared from death, but all of Muhammad’s sons died.

Saleh pronounced Allah’s doom on the people of Thamoud and they all died, but Muhammad cursed and invoked doom and nothing happened until he had to take up his sword.

Musa showed signs to the Egyptians; turned a stick to a snake and back to a stick, but Muhammad couldn’t do that to convince the pagans who asked for miracles.

Suleiman had many jinn that brought him wealth from the bottom of the sea, but Muhammad resorted to robbing merchant caravans to get rich.

Isa raised the dead, opened the eyes of the blind and cleansed the leprous, but Muhammad couldn’t do any of these. What then makes him “the greatest of the prophets”?

If all the prophets of old were Muslims, where are their books and mosques?

How did they know the Qibla, salat, toilet rules and the rituals of hajj? How did they recite their shahada?

Since they all came before Muhammad, it means they didn’t follow “the perfect example for mankind” (Sura 33:21), “the seal of the prophets” (Sura 33:40) and the man with “an exalted standard of character” (Sura 68:4), then their “Islam” was non-existent!

The Quran says:

“We sent not a Messenger except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make things clear to them. So Allah leads astray whom He pleases and guides whom He pleases and He is Exalted in power, full of wisdom.” (Sura 14:4)

If this is true, which prophets were sent to the Indians? They have a wide variety of languages there. Where are the books and teachings of these ancient prophets?

In Nigeria, we also have over 200 different languages, where were these messengers sent to each of them and when? Where are their revelations?

Islam has no proofs, all it has is blind belief in a bunch of myths! My dear Muslim friends, leave the myths, come to the truth of the Bible.

A Tiptoe Through the Quran

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The Quran is regarded as the word of God by Muslims. It’s a book having 114 chapters (called suras) and 6263 verses believed to be revealed to Muhammad from heaven.

Of its 114 chapters, 86 were revealed in Mecca while 28 were revealed in Medina. Muslims point at several proofs of the Quran’s divine origin, but they are desperate claws at reason.

To show why such efforts are self-refuting, I will be briefly responding to an online article penned by a Muslim. His words will appear in bold.

The word Quran means continuous recitation. It is so-called because of its inimitable origin which makes it a compelling daily reading throughout the world.

Yes, the Quran means “recitation.” Two things here. First, the Quran is not beyond imitation, because most of its contents are not original to start with. Many of its stories were borrowed from Jewish, Christian and pagan legends and beliefs. Even the pagans of Mecca accused Muhammad of plagiarism:

Tales of the ancients, which he has had written down; and they are dictated to him morning and evening” (Sura 25:5)

“…the Unbelievers say ‘these are nothing but tales of the ancient” (Sura 6:25).

Second, the Quran is a rather tedious book to read. It has been observed that most Muslims are more interested in memorising it than reading or understanding it.

Scottish scholar, Thomas Carlyle, wrote that the Quran is “a toilsome reading as I ever undertook, a wearisome, confused jumble, crude, incondite. Nothing but a sense of duty could carry an European through the Koran.”

German scholar, Salomon Reinach, explains why: “From the literary point of view, the Koran has little merit. Declamation, repetition, puerility, a lack of logic and coherence strike the unprepared reader at every turn” (Orpheus: A History of Religion, New York: Lovecraft, 1932, 176)

It [the Quran] is the unsurpassed word of Allah, not only in the grandeur of its diction and splendour of its rendition, substance and profundity.

This claim may mislead the naive Muslim at the foot of the minbar (pulpit), but not the informed. The rendition, diction and substance of the Quran rather heavily militate against its divine origin.

Islamic scholar, Abul A’ala Maududi admits that in the Quran “one topic follows the other without any apparent connection. Sometimes a new topic crops up in the middle of another without any apparent reason. The speaker and the addresses, and the direction of the address change without any notice” (The Holy Quran: Text, Translation and Commentary, Introduction, p. 5).

Ali Dashti said there are “more than one hundred Quor’anic aberrations from the normal rules and structure of Arabic [that] have been noted” (23 Years: A Study of the Prophetic Career of Mohammad, London, 1985, 50).

The question is: why would God be making grammatical blunders or write awkwardly? Besides, the diction or rendition of a book is subjective and can’t be a valid criterion of truth, if the Quran actually possessed these qualities, only the Arabs would be able to see them. So why God would require everyone in the world to become an Arab in order to know His word?

The revelation of this Book to mankind through an unlettered Arab, Muhammad.

Exactly. The fact that the Quran is majorly preoccupied with the personal and political affairs of an unlettered Arab man and his companions at a particular stage of history without having much value to any other generation after then, proves it’s not a message for mankind.

If the Quran is God’s revelation to man then what is its core message? To believe in one God, prophets, angels, jinn and the last day? Judaism, Zoroastrianism and even Christianity have believed and taught about these for centuries.

Every book has a message. The Bible is about salvation and it hinges on the Person of Christ. But where is the message of salvation in the Quran?

When some Muslims are asked this question, they quote verses about “guidance.” Guidance is not salvation. A person can be guided and still be unsaved. Actually, the word “salvation” appears only once in the Quran:

God will say: ‘This is a day on which the truthful will profit from their truth, theirs are gardens, with rivers flowing beneath- their eternal Home: God well-pleased with them, and they with God: That is the great salvation, (the fulfillment of all desires)” (5:119)

The Arabic word translated “salvation” is fauz which means “triumph” i.e. the fulfillment of all carnal desires. What a strange concept of salvation. If salvation is not Allah’s prerogative, then what is the essence of his revelation? Apparently he’s more interested in receiving worship and jihad than saving mankind from sin.

Although the Quran was revealed orally, its writing began almost immediately the revelations started … it was only much later after the demise of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), that these writings were rendered into a book form.

This statement was carefully worded to hide the ugly facts. The writer didn’t clue his readers in on exactly when the Quran was penned down or put into a book form. (See my debate with a Muslim on this).

The Quran was originally intended to be an oral recitation, not a written document. It was when Muslims who had memorised it were dying that attempts were made to collect it into writing.

“[O]ne of the wonders of recording the Quran is the classification of those revelations into chapters and verses by the Prophet himself despite his illiteracy

How could he have divided it into chapter and verses when the original materials on which his recitations were recorded were barks of wood, rocks and ribs of animals? Can you see how this point contradicts the previous one? If the Quran wasn’t in a book form until after Muhammad’s death, then there were no chapter and verse during his lifetime. Period.

The Quran wasn’t classified with any sense of logic. For example, sura 114, the last sura, has 6 verses. Sura 113 has 5 verses, sura 112 has 4, sura 110 has 3 while sura 109 has 6 verses. If the suras were arranged according to their lengths (as Muslims claim), sura 110 ought to be the last sura, but even the longest sura is sura 2.

This is not a “wonder,” it’s what you get when an illiterate arranges a book.

Its main appeal is to man’s intellect, feelings and imaginations

Actually, the Quran appeals more to human feelings and imaginations than to the intellect. For example:

You [Muslims] are the best nation brought out for Mankind commanding what is righteous…” (3:111). This is an appeal to false superiority and prejudice.

Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with thee unless thou follow their form of religion…” (2:120). This is an appeal to a false martyr complex.

But if any turn away and reject Allah, Allah will punish him with a mighty punishment” (88:23-24). This is an appeal to fear.

“…And indeed there are rocks which fall down for fear of Allah” (2:74). This is an insult to the human intellect.

At length, when they came to the valley of ants, one of the ants said ‘O ye ants get into your habitation lest Solomon and his hosts crush you (underfoot) without knowing it” (27:18). This is a fairy tale for children.

Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye sacrifice a cow…They said pray for us unto thy Lord, that he make clear to us what colour she is. (Moses) answered. Lo! He saith: Verily she is a yellow cow. Bright is her colour, gladdening beholders” (2:67, 69). What golden cow? This is an Arabian night tale.

It does not only touch the anecdotes of Prophets of different ages and nations as well as the accounts of earlier revelations

The only “earlier revelation” that contains the accounts of the Jewish prophets is the Bible. The Quran not only distorts its stories, but also accuses its characters of sins they never committed. Few examples are in order:

1. Abraham – He is presented as an idolater who worshipped the sun, moon and stars, calling them “This is my Lord” (6:76-78). In another place, the Quran attributes the story of Gideon who destroyed his family idol to Abraham who had died centuries before (21:58-63).

2. Job – Allah told him: “And take in your hand a green branch and beat her with it and do not break your oath…” (38:41-44). The hadiths explained that the whipped woman was his wife.

3. Moses – There are 3 different versions of his call in the Quran. In the first, Allah says:

Moses, I, even I am your Lord, take off your shoes for Lo you are in the holy valley of Towa. There is no other god but Allah, so serve me, worship me regularly” (20:19)

In the second, Allah says “blessed is whoever is in the fire and whatever is around it” (27:7-10).

In the third, the narration and the geographical location changes:

We called him from the right side of the mountain; and we made him draw nigh unto us to commune with him” (19:52). The Quranic account of Moses is a big can of worms.

4. Solomon – In the Quran, his well-trained horses hindered his prayer to Allah “so he began to slash (their) legs and necks.” (38:33)

That’s not all, Solomon also had demons working for him: “And of the evil ones (subdued We unto him) some who dived (for pearls) for him and did other works, and We were warders unto them” (21:38).

Al-Quran also gives insight into some natural phenomena like sphericity and revolution of the earth (Q 39:5), the formation of rain (30:48), the fertilization of the wind (15:22); the revolution of the sun, moon and the planets in their fixed orbits (36:29-38), the aquatic origin of all creatures (21:30); the duality of the sex of plants and other creatures (30:35), the collective life of animals (6:38).

Let’s take them one by one

1. Sphericity of the earth

Q 39:5 “He created the heavens and the earth with Truth and folds up the day over the night and folds up the night over the day. He has subjected the sun and the moon, each is running its course until an appointed time

The sun and moon do not swim around! Nothing about sphericity of the earth here.

2. The formation of rain

Q 30:48 “Allah is He Who sendeth the winds so that they raise the clouds and spreadeth them along the sky…and causeth them to break and thou seest the rain drop down from within them. And when He maketh it to fall on…His bondmen, lo! They rejoice.”

This is a layman’s observation of rainfall and it adds nothing to human knowledge. Obviously, the author of the Quran was someone restricted to the harsh Arab desert where there’s rejoicing whenever it rains.

3. Fertilization of the wind

Q 15:22 “And We send the winds fertilising, and cause water to descend from the sky, and give it you to drink…”

We don’t need a prophet to know this.

4. Revolution of the sun and moon

Only vs. 38 is relevant to the heading. It says: “And the sun runneth unto a resting place for him…”

How absurd. The sun doesn’t revolve around the earth! Everyone ought to know this by now.

5. The aquatic origin of all creatures

Q 21:30 “And We have created every living thing from water. Will they still not believe?”

Man wasn’t created from water! Either Allah or the Muslims who use this verse don’t know this. Or both.

6. The duality of sexes

Q 30:35 “Glory to God, Who created in pairs all things that the earth produces, as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things which they have no knowledge.”

Allah probably didn’t know that many plants reproduce asexually because they are not paired. He doesn’t know about the lizard Cnemidophoras which is asexual. All members of the kingdom Monera reproduce asexually. The same goes for single-celled organisms. An all-knowing Allah should have known this.

7. The collective life of animals

Q 6:38 “There is not an animal on the earth, nor a being that flies on two wings but forms communities like you.”

False. Spiders kill their partners after mating. An old lion is often chased off by a young new lion who takes over the lioness and kill his cubs. Bees throw out the male drones till they die. Dogs, lizards and several species of birds are territorial animals that fight off their kinds.

The Muslims’ desperate attempt to find science in the Quran is a hogwash. In conclusion, all the claims presented to extol the Quran as divine are like bombs strapped unto the Muslim arguments which go up in flames on closer examination.