The Divine Exchange

The entire message of the Gospel revolves around one unique historical event: the sacrificial death of Jesus on the cross. With this single, sovereign act, God offers to us an all-sufficient solution to all the problems of man. A divine exchange took place at the cross and it’s imperative that we understand what it entails and live in its reality.

1. Jesus took our punishment and offers us the reward of His obedience. “All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way; And the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.” (Is. 53:6) The Hebrew word translated as “iniquity” is avon. It stands for our collective rebellion against God and the punishment or evil consequences attached to iniquity. In Leviticus 16:22, concerning the scape goat released on the day of Atonement, God said:

“The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land.”

The goat symbolically bore not just the inquities of the Israelites, but also all the consequences of their inquities. Similarly, Jesus wasn’t guilty of any sin, but God laid on Him the iniquity of us all. Like the scapegoat that prefigured Him, He carried them away so that they might not return again upon us. He endured in our place all the evil consequences that we deserved by divine justice and in exchange, God offers us all the good that was due to the sinless obedience of Christ.

2. Jesus dealt with both sin and sickness. Isaiah 53:4-6 says “Surely he took up our infirmities [literally, sicknesses] and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him and by his wounds we are healed.”

Jesus received the punishment due to our sins that we might have peace with God and He also bore our sicknesses that through His wounds we might be healed. He “bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.” (1 Pet. 2:24)

3. Jesus took our sins upon Himself that we might receive His righteousness. Through the sin offerings of the Mosaic law, God showed us the necessity of the shedding of innocent blood and the giving of life to pay the price of sin. This was accomplished once-for-all by the sacrificial, substitutionary death of Jesus. “He poured out His soul unto death” (Is. 53:12). “For He [God] made Him [Jesus] who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Cor. 5:21)

4. Jesus died our death that we might receive His life. The final outcome of sin is death: “The soul who sins shall die” (Ezk. 18:4). Thus, as Jesus became identified with our sin it was inevitable that He should also experience the death that is the outcome of sin. “For the wages [just reward] of sin is death, but the [unearned] gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” (Rom. 6:23) To all who accept His sacrifice, Jesus said: “I came so that my sheep will have life” (Jn. 10:10b).

5. Jesus became poor with our poverty that we might become rich with His riches. “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor, that you through His poverty might become rich.” (2 Cor. 8:9) Jesus became poor on the cross. It was there He was hungry, thirsty, naked and in need of all things. Even after His death, He was buried in a borrowed robe and tomb. These are the features of poverty ( Dt. 28:48). In exchange, God offers to all who believe, a life of abundance exemplified by Jesus: “And God is able to make all grace abound towards you, that you, always having all sufficiency in all things, have an abundance for every good work” (2 Cor 9:8).

6. Jesus endured our rejection that we might have His acceptance as God’s children. Spritual alienation from God came about through the Fall. But this was promised: “The Lord will call you back as if you were a wife deserted and distressed in spirit – a wife who married young, only to be rejected.” (Is. 54:6) This is seen in the agony of Jesus at the cross when He cried out: “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” and He cried again “yielded up His spirit” (Mt. 27:46, 50).

And at that instant, the veil of the temple was torn into two. Sinful man can now have direct fellowship with a holy God. Through the rejection of Christ, God adopted us as His children. “Having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Himself … He [God] has made us accepted in the Beloved” (Eph. 1:5-6).

7. Jesus became a curse at the cross that we might receive the blessings of Abraham by faith. “Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law having become a curse for us” (Gal. 3:13-14). God has provided us a release from all the curses listed in Deuteronomy 28. As Christians, our response should be a deep appreciation of what Jesus did for us at the cross.

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Weighing the Objections to Transfusion

In an earlier post, I showed how the JW religion is no different from curious cults that program members to lay down their lives for their beliefs – a cruel feat often perpetuated in the name of God. The Watchtower Society’s policy on blood transfusion is plagued with incoherence, fallacies, falsehoods and inconsistencies which need to be pointed out.

The precedent for prohibition of blood transfusion was set by the Watchtower’s previous rulings on vaccinations and organ transplants, which are not without some contradictions:

Vaccination

1921 – “Vaccination never prevented anything and never will, and is the most barbarous practice. We are in the last days; and the devil is slowly losing his hold, making a strenuous effort meanwhile to do all the damage he can … Use your rights as American citizens to forever abolish the devilish practice of vaccinations” (The Golden Age, Oct. 12, 1921, 17).

1952 – “Is vaccination a violation of God’s law forbidding the taking of blood into the system? … After consideration of the matter, it does not appear to us to be in violation of the everlasting covenant made with Noah, as set down in Genesis 9:4 nor contrary to God’s related commandment Leviticus 17:10-14” (The Watchtower, Dec. 15, 1952, 764).

Organ Transplant

1967 – “Is there any Scriptural objection to donating one’s body for use in medical research to accepting organs for transplant from such a source? … Those who submit to such operations are thus living off the flesh of another human. That is cannibalistic. However, in allowing man to eat animal flesh Jehovah God did not grant permission for humans to try and perpetuate their lives by cannibalistically taking into their bodies human flesh whether chewed or in the form of whole organs or body parts taken from others” (The WT, Nov. 15, 1967, 702).

1980 – “Some Christians might feel that taking into their bodies any issue or body part from another human is cannibalistic … Other sincere Christians today may feel that the Bible does not definitely rule out medical transplant of human organs … It may be argued, though, that organ transplants are different from cannibalism since the ‘donor’ is not killed to supply food. There is no Biblical command pointedly forbidding the taking in of other human tissue” (The WT, Mar. 15, 1980, 31).

These are commands from the Governing Body, said to be “anointed” by the Holy Spirit. They dogmatically make up critical doctrines and then turn around to refute them years later. With this policy reversals and back tracking, how can we be so sure they won’t rescind their stance once again in the future?

When one considers how many JWs became physically blind because cornea transplant was forbidden; died because kidney, liver and bone marrow transplant were ruled as “cannibalism” or were delibilitated by preventable child diseases because Watchtower leaders forbade vaccinations when they were young, one needs to ask: When will Watchtower leaders accept responsibility for lives they have sacrificed on their altars of falsehood? Have they apologised for the many lives they led astray and damaged?

How can they even apologise to those they have goaded on to a Christless eternity with a bogus promise of a living in an earthly paradise as reward for blind loyalty? This is why we must never allow sentiments, blind devotion or fear to deter us from questioning and critically examining the beliefs of any religious organization, no matter what grandiose claim they make.

In Awake! No. 1, 2016 they state:
“We do accept medical treatment … However we reject any treatment that conflicts with Bible principles. For example, we do not accept blood transfusions, because the Bible forbids taking in blood. – Acts 15:20, 28, 29.

Even then, we seek the best medical care for ourselves and our families. In fact, blood conservation treatments that were developed to help Witness patients are now being used to benefit all in the community. In many countries, any patient can now choose to avoid blood transfusion risks, such as blood-borne disease, immune-system reactions, and human errors” (page 8).

These are typical objections a JW is likely to prattle at your doorstep within 60 seconds, but when carefully analysed, they are found to have gaping holes:

1. The statement “We do accept medical treatment” is newspeak. A more accurate statement is that Jehovah’s Witnesses accept only medical treatments approved by the Watchtower Society. Since they agree that blood is a tissue and a transfusion is a tissue transplant, it’s highly irrational and inconsistent on their part to allow all other tissue or organ transplants except blood.

II. The term “treatment that conflicts with Bible principles” also once applied to vaccination and organ transplants and the very misinterpreted Bible passages appealed to as “proof” are still the ones used to denounce blood transfusion today.

Blood has 4 primary components: red cells (RBC), white cells (WBC), platelets and plasma. Jehovah’ Witness are taught that “accepting whole blood or any of those four primary components violates God’s law” but regarding fractions from any of these 4 blood components: “We cannot say. The Bible does not give details, so a Christian must make his own conscientious decision before God” (WT, Jun. 2000, 29).

This is as dicey as it gets. The Bible gives no details about “whole” blood or blood components. Blood components and fractions are technically the same. They are not blood but necessary for blood, so there’s no justification for rejecting transfusion of blood components while allowing those of blood fractions.

III. Not one text in any of the biblical books JWs cite refers to using blood for medical transfusion in which case, blood continues to serve as blood and not as food or nourishment in the human body. To assert that God’s law forbids blood transfusion, 3 problems quickly arise:

a) Transfusion of fractions from blood cells or plasma are permitted because “blood fractions can pass to another person in this natural setting” (WT, Jun. 15, 2000, 31). But why is blood cells transfusion banned? White cells are naturally present in breastmilk a mother feeds her baby with. Fetal blood cells have been detected in women several years after giving birth. “Leukocytes [white blood cells] bearing a Y chromosome have been identified in women for up to five years after giving birth to a son” (Williams Obstetrics, 19th ed., 1993, 127).

Another work states: “In the last weeks of pregnancy, small numbers of the baby’s red cells escape through the placenta into the mother’s circulation” (James Brevan, A Practical Handbook of Anatomy and Physiology, 1978, 26). It has been demonstrated that platelets, erythocytes and leukocytes transverse the placental barrier. Fetal red blood cells are present in the maternal circulation in approximately 80% of all pregnancy (Hematological Problems in the Newborn, 3rd ed., 1982, 41).

Since primary blood components naturally pass from mother to child, on what basis then does “the Society” forbids their transfusion? If God allows transference of blood cells to occur in 80% of pregnancy and even during labour, how then can blood transfusion be a violation of God’s law? Certainly, God’s law doesn’t condemn blood transfusion.

b) JWs are ordered to reject blood transfusion because the blood are collected and stored whereas the Bible says blood should be “poured out,” but they are allowed to receive blood fractions such as immuno globulin, fibrinogen, factor VIII etc. Yet The Watchtower itself says: “Each batch of Factor VIII is made from plasma that is pooled from as many as 2,000 blood donors.” (Jun. 15, 1985, 30)

This shows that JWs still accept stored, processed, collected and donated blood when they receive blood fractions. If storage of blood is really against God’s law, why doesn’t “the Society” condemn its use for transfusions and injections of blood fractions but rather condemn it in cases of whole blood? This inconsistency is as clear as the sun.

c) The Watchtower says taking in blood is forbidden but blood fragments can be taken in. The blood plasma consists of water (90%), hormones, inorganic salts, enzymes, nutrients (sugar and minerals), proteins, albumin and clotting factors (e.g factor VIII). JWs are allowed to take these substances yet they are forbidden from taking blood! Why not just cut the drama and accept blood plasma?

This is like a parent forbidding a child from eating sandwich but allowing him to bread, egg or fish separately. Isn’t this hilarious and pharisaical? Is it OK to break God’s law a little as long as you don’t break it a lot? If God’s law forbids taking blood why is taking a blood fraction acceptable? This inconsistency is hard to reconcile.

IV. The much vaunted “blood conservation treatments” actually have limited benefits, yet The Watchtower assures its readers: “Most who refuse blood, for religious and/or medical reasons, yet accept alternative therapy do very well medically. They may thus extend their life for many years…” (Jun. 15, 1991, 12).

This would be amusing if it wasn’t so tragic. There are 3 main alternative therapies to blood transfusion. One, is the use of blood volume expanders. They are solutions intravenously given to boost plasma (fluid) volume and keep blood circulation going. Volume expanders do not carry oxygen nor raise the number of blood cells; they only increase blood volume and thus cannot help someone with serious blood loss. So far, there is no real substitute for human blood.

Two, there are growth factors given to people with low blood cell counts to boost RBC, WBC or platelet counts. But unlike transfusions, growth factors often take many days or weeks to raise blood counts and may not help people who need their blood cells urgently restored. People with bone marrow diseases may also not respond to growth factors due to insufficient blood-producing cells in the bone marrow.

The American Cancer Society 2016 findings note that some growth factors cause certain type of cancers (breast, cervical, head etc) and notably, these factors are more expensive than blood transfusion. The autologous transfusion, another alternative therapy involves blood being removed from the person, filtered and introduced back after surgery. Since this involves storage of blood, JWs are banned from utilizing it. Now where is that “extending of life for many years” Watchtower writers talk about?

V. Scare mongering is another tool Watchtower leaders utilze. JWs are constantly warned of serious risks of blood transfusion based on dated (and often misquoted) scientific sources. In 2008, the London Health Science Centre noted that Canada’s blood supply is one of the safest in the world and the risk of transfusion-transmitted disease for each unit of blood is:

HIV (AIDS) about 1 in 4 million

Hepatitis C about 1 in 3 million

Hepatitis B about 1 in 1.2 million

West Nile Virus about 1 in 1 million

Thus blood transfusion is still far more safer than the touted alternative therapies. Immune system reactions and human errors occur in all organ transplants, yet these do not warrant them being banned by “the Society.” No medical procedure is free from risks or errors. To claim that blood transfusion should be rejected on that basis is like saying food shouldn’t be eaten because there have been cases of food poisoning.

Jesus denounced the false religious leaders of His day who stridently adhered to the details of the Mosaic law while neglecting “the more important matters of the law – justice, mercy and faithfulness.” (Mt. 23:23) Similarly, Watchtower leaders exalt their own laws above justice, mercy and faithfulness. By banning blood transfusion, a life-saving medical precedure, they have replaced mercy with sacrifice whereas God says “I desire mercy, not sacrifice” (Mt. 9:13).