Revisiting the Apocrypha

I’ve previously stated why the apocrypha books are not part of the Bible. Here, I will be responding to some arguments from Catholics defending these spurious books.

Catholic:The apocrypha books were part of the Septuagint (Greek translation of the OT) which Jesus Christ Himself and the Greek-speaking Jews in Alexandria (Egypt) used.”

The Hebrew canon had already been settled before the time of Christ. The other writings made during the Inter-testament period were not regarded as part of Scripture because they weren’t inspired and there were no prophets at the time. This is seen even in the book of Maccabees:

“There had not been such great distress in Israel since the time prophets ceased to appear among the people” (1 Macc. 9:27).

Historian, Josephus Flavius also stated:

“From Artaxerxes to our own time the complete history has been written, but has not been deemed worthy of equal credit with the earlier records, because of the failure of the exact succession of prophets” (Against Apion I, 8:41).

Another proof that the OT canon was clearly understood and functional at the time of Christ was how He acknowledged the Hebrew Scriptures either by quoting them as sources of divine authority (Mark 12:10) or according to their 3 main divisions – Law, Prophets and the Writings (Mt. 5:17, Lk. 24:27).

He said: “the blood of all the prophets which was shed … From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zechariah.”

Zechariah was mentioned last because that was in accordance with the arrangement of the Hebrew canon. Chronologically, Urijah was put to death two centuries after Zechariah’s murder (Lk 11:50-51, 2Chr 24:20-21).

While some first century Alexandrian Jews used the Septuagint containing the apocrypha (although they later rejected them), there is no evidence that the LXX in its original form contained any apocrypha books.

Some of the oldest manuscripts e.g the Vaticanus (4th cent.), Sinaiticus (4th cent.) and Alexandrinus (5th cent.) contain some apocrypha writings, but there are differences.

The Vaticanus doesn’t include any of the Maccabean books while Sinaiticus includes 1st and 4th Maccabees. Alexandrinus includes first, second, third and fourth Maccabees and the Psalm of Solomon. The third and fourth Maccabees have never been accepted as canonical.

Granted, that a Bible manuscript includes certain books does not make them canonical. Moreover, the use of books began in the late first or early second century AD, so it couldn’t have been possible for the apocrypha to be included in one volume with the OT books.

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 40 AD), a Jewish philosopher, quoted the Hebrew Scriptures extensively but didn’t quote from the apocrypha as inspired. This would have been strange if the Jews in Alexandria had other books added to the Hebrew canon.

In Ben Sirach’s prologue, no reference is also made to any additional book apart from the Old Testament.

Catholic: “The same books we have in our Bible were declared in provincial councils in Hippo (393) and reaffirmed at council of Carthage (397).”

Provincial councils cannot settle an issue that is binding over the whole of the church. Only an infallible council can do that:

“According to Catholic doctrine, the proximate criterion of the Biblical canon is the infallible decision of the Church. This decision was not given until late in the history of the Church (at the Council of Trent). Before that time there was some doubt about the canonicity of certain Biblical books i.e about their belonging to the canon” (New Catholic Encyclopedia 3:29).

Additionally, the councils of Hippo and Carthage used the Septuagint while the Council of Trent used the Vulgate. Both canons contain a book called first Esdras, but the Esdras in the LXX is different from that of the Vulgate. The New Catholic Encyclopedia (2:379) admits: “The Council of Trent definitely removed it from the canon.” If Trent was right, then Carthage and Hippo were wrong.

It’s also ridiculous to say (as Catholic sources state) that there was no reliable Bible until the council of Trent of 1546.

Are we to believe for three-fourths of the church’s existence during which theological battles were fought against serious heresies – Arianism, Nestorianism, Donatism, Marcionism, Apollinarianism – the Bible was still yet to be “infallibly defined” by Rome? That claim clearly reveals the very low view of Scripture espoused by Catholicism.

Catholic: “The list of Old Testament books with the apocrypha as we have in our Bible appeared as early as 382 AD at the Council of Rome.

This is false on two levels. First, Athanasius’ 39th Festal Letter of 369 AD (which pre-dates the councils of Hippo and Carthage) rejects the apocrypha. Here is a portion of it:

“Forasmuch as some have taken in hand to reduce into order for themselves the books termed apocryphal, and to mix them up with the divinely inspired Scripture, concerning which we have been fully persuaded … to set before you the books included in the Canon, and handed down, and accredited as Divine … There are then, of the Old Testament, twenty-two books in number [He then proceeds to list them and the NT books]” (Paragraph  3-5).

Since no “infallible” council before Athanasius had met to decide the canon, it’s clear that the canon had been known long before his time.

Second, the Council of Rome (382) which supposedly lists the canon by pope Damasus is a local council which can’t infallibly define the canon.

Many modern scholars state that this council never held, but was an anachronistic interpolation of Gelasus’ listing. This is evidenced by the fraudulent statements attributed to pope Damasus:

“What is commonly called the Gelasian decree on books which are to be received and not takes its name from Pope Gelasius (492-492). It gives a list of biblical books as they appeared in the Vulgate with the Apocrypha interspersed among the others. In some manuscripts it is attributed to Pope Damasus as though he had been promulgated by him at the Council of Rome in 382. But actually it appears to have been a private compilation drawn up somewhere in Italy in the early sixth century” (F. F. Bruce, The Canon of Scripture, InterVarsity Press, 1988, p. 97).

Catholic: “But Jerome accepted the apocrypha and translated it as part of the Latin Vulgate!

Actually, Jerome translated them into Latin under pressure but didn’t include them in the Vulgate because he followed the Hebrew canon. He stated:

“Thus there are twenty two books [in the Hebrew canon] … This prologue of the Scriptures can serve as a fortified approach to all the books which we translate from the Hebrew canon into Latin; so that we may know that whatever is beyond these must be put in the apocrypha” (Prologus Galetus in the Vulgate).

In his writing to Laeta on how to educate her daughter, he wrote:

Let her avoid all apocrypha books, and if she ever wishes to read them, not for the truth of their doctrines, but out of respect for their wondrous tales; let her realize that they are not really written by those to whom they are ascribed, that there are many faulty elements in them, and that it requires great skill to look for gold in mud” (Select Letters, CVII).

In his prologue to The 3 Books of Solomon he wrote:

“The [Wisdom of Solomon] is nowhere found among the Hebrews; its very style smacks of Greek eloquence, and several ancient writers affirm it to be the work of Philo the Jew. Therefore as the church reads Judith, Tobit and the books of Maccabees, but does not receive them among the canonical books, so let it also read these… for the edification of people but not for establishing the authority of ecclesiastical dogmas.”

Catholic:”How do you know there are only 66 books in the Bible since the Bible is supposed to be your only and final authority?

We know the inspired books by recognizing the pattern by which God inspired them all through the ages.

God led His people – both the people of Israel and the church to recognize the books He has inspired. Inspiration cannot be separated from the canon.

How do Catholics know the apocrypha belongs in the Bible? Their answer is predictable: “because the Church says so!” And how do they know the “Church” is right? They will say “because the Church is always right!” This is a fallacy of circular reasoning which proves nothing.

Now, how did a believing Jew who lived like 100 years before Christ (or before the pope of Rome) know that the book of Isaiah or Joel was Scripture? Catholics usually offer two answers:

1. That the believing Jew didn’t know what was Scripture. Now, if this is true, that means the Lord Jesus was wrong to have held the people accountable to those Scriptures “You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures…have you not read what God said to you…” (Mt. 22:29-32).

2. That the believing Jew knew the bible canon because of an infallible Jewish Magisterium. If this is the case, then when did this Jewish Magisterium become “fallible?”

And since this “Jewish Magisterium” rejected the Apocrypha books, why did the Catholic church accept them? These two answers hold no water. In fact, they are self-defeating.

The only acceptable answer is that the believing Jew knew the Scriptures by supernatural revelation. That was how the early Christians – and even people in the darkest jungle – knew that the Bible is God’s Word.

It was not by Rome’s “infallible” decision. Additionally, we also appeal to the historical development of the canon.

Notice also, how this Catholic has misdefined Sola Scriptura as “the Bible is [the] only and final authority,” whereas it is defined as holding to the Bible as the only infallible authority.

In the name of intellectual honesty, Catholics should learn what sola Scriptura means before venturing to attack it.

The Tentacles of the Occult (I)

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The word “occult” is from the Latin word, “occultus” which means “secret, hidden or clandestine.” It refers to a wide range of practices, concepts or organizations whose true nature are disguised with discrete and deceptive phenomena.

The Bible describes an “immoral woman” saying “her ways are unstable; you do not know them” (Prov. 5:6). This also fits the occult. It’s so multifaceted, unstable and adaptive that no limit can be set to the form it takes to seduce and trap people.

There are however 6 general characteristics that distinguish the occult:

Secrecy – It’s always shrouded in secrecy and cover up both in teaching and practice. It binds adherents under oaths and covenants and attaches terrible consequences to its secrets being exposed.

Esotericism – it claims to possess mysteries, symbolism and mysticism unknown to the people outside or veiled to the mundane world.

Gnosticism – it claims to offer the most ancient wisdom or secret knowledge that allegedly places the initiate on a higher footing than the outsiders. Thus, it’s very fascinating to the fallen man.

Supernaturalism – it offers experiences beyond the natural. Experiences that transcend reason, science and the physical plane. It promises great insights through interactions with the spirit realm.

Control – it creates a system where man can manipulate or control others, events (past, present or future), spiritual forces and alter reality to suit his own purposes.

Opposition – it rejects or replaces the existing social and political order. It counterfeits healthy relationships, family structures or organizations with its own authority or order.

The occult typifies an “alternative” lifestyle or system that defies and opposes the supremacy of God. Its sound bites are:

“Is God not showing you your future? Come, we’ll show it to you.”

“Is God not offering you material wealth? Come we will give it to you;”

“Is God not healing your loved one? We’ll do it – and instantly!”

The occult gathers under its banner those seeking things outside God, and are willing to do anything to get them. Some of the things that entangle people in it are:

I. Pride: it not only leads people into the occult but also keeps them in it. Pride is translated from a Greek word, huperephania (Strong #5243) which means “excessive shining i.e (self-exaltation, self-absorption).”

It also means a person who “has a swollen estimate of his own powers or merits, looks down on others” (Thayer’s Greek Lexicon).

A person who sees himself as a “shining one” and is “swollen” about his life achievements would want to live above reality, so would seek occult power to bend things to his own will.

Pride also makes people desire a sort of wisdom or knowledge that would place them on a “higher plane” than others. A proud person will find it difficult to leave the occult because it constantly feeds his ego.

II. Unhealthy curiosity: an untamed desire for knowledge or power can be dangerous. A Christian can be so obsessed about “the other side” and end up experimenting with the occult. At times, this happens under the guise of feasting on “Illuminati-exposing” materials which quickly introduce the occult to the unwary.

III. Entertainment: the marketing of the occult through computer games, movies and music works well, because what people can’t accept through doctrine, they can accept through entertainment.

Like a columnist wrote, “If a 60-second commercial can move mountains in the marketplace, don’t tell me that a 2-hour mega million movie doesn’t modify attitudes.”

When a flurry of movies or games presents the occult in a positive light – especially to children – their sense of adventure gets stimulated and they become desensitized to fear or evil. If that root is not dealt with, as they grow, they will likely follow the course of what they were exposed to.

IV. Unresolved rejection and hurts: the occult attracts people who have been rejected by friends, family or who feel rejected by God or a church, and are seeking acceptance – or revenge.

Even Psychologists agree that rejection hurts the brain. Unresolved hurts or bitterness caused by negative life experiences (e.g loss of a loved one, failures, physical sickness etc) can result in rebellion which is Biblically associated with occultism (1 Sam. 15:23).

V. Anxiety: in a world of unforeseen tragedies, people seek for answers anywhere. A lack of purpose or uncertainty can also suck people into divination. Even a Christian who doesn’t have a real relationship with God can easily fall into this snare.

VI. Inordinate desire for wealth: the occult seduces people with promises of great wealth. This lie appeals to many because, in most cases, people join the occult so as to gain a lot of wealth without having to work.

Indeed, the devil enriches his slaves, but the sorrow, torment and destruction attached to it should make it abhorrent to any sane person.

The Occult Tree

There are different “branches” and sub-branches of the occult. All cannot be covered here, but they can be classified into:

1. The Knowledge branch of the Occult: This operates by disseminating supernatural knowledge to people. It is sub-divided into:

(a) Knowledge by divination: an occult art that attempts to see into the future or discover hidden knowledge. e.g palmistry, applied kinesiology, astrology, biofeedback, I Ching, Ifa corpus, water witching, crystal balls/mirror divining, extra sensory perception (ESP), telepathy and other methods I listed in What Lies Behind Divination?

(b) Knowledge by spirit-communication: when a person directly receives teachings from spirits (pagan deities, spirit teachers, ascended masters or “guardian angels“) by invoking them or random visitation. e.g use of Ouija board, “channelling” ascended masters or spirit guides, cultural or regular Spiritism, apparitions of the “Virgin Mary” and messages from “aliens.”

(c) Knowledge via occult books: materials written by a person under direct inspiration of the entities listed in (b) above or by occult groups disseminating occult philosophies to people. e.g The Grail Message, Theosophy, OAHSPE, the Aquarian Gospel of Jesus, The Lost Teachings of Jesus, Liber Al Legis (The Book of the Law), A Course in Miracles, The Secret (and other “dictated” New Age books), The Satanic bible (and other books of satanic rituals), Masonic books and ritual monitors, Witchcraft and Neopaganism books, books on Yoga, TM and other forms of Eastern occultism, books by Rosicrucians and motivational cults (Napoleon Hill, Pacific Institute etc).

2. The power branch of the occult: the use of spiritual powers to control, intimidate or oppress. It’s divided into:

(a) “Religious” occult groups: various forms of Witchcraft, Hermetic orders like the Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), New Age groups, Voodoo, Santeria, Ogboni Fraternity, Palo Mayombe, Candomblé, various Satanic covens (e.g Church of Satan, Order of the Black Ram, Order of the Infernal light, Cathedral of the fallen angels, Temple of Set, Temple of Lylyth, Shrine of the Little Mother, Cathedral of the Black Goat etc).

(b) Eclectic practices: the practitioner may/may not belong to a specific occult group, but combines different occult principles and pathways to wield supernatural power e.g Psychic surgery, “internal styles” martial arts, practical Kabbala, Santa Muerte rites, African or Eastern pagan rites, and Western Ceremonial Magick (it’s spelled “magick” in the occult).

Ceremonial magick are a complex, elaborate ritual magic rites involving different working tools – chalice, sword, altar, and candles.

These rites are based on medieval occult textbooks called Grimoires containing instructions on how to create talismans and amulets (or charms); perform magical spells and divination; invoke fallen angels, spirits, and demons.

Popular grimoires are: Transcendental Magic, the Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses, the Greater Key of Solomon, the Necronomicon, Dragon Rogue, The Book of St. Cyprian, The Magus, The Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy, Secrets of the Golden Dawn and the Book of Shadows (Wiccan ritual guides).

3. The branch operating through physical objects: These are objects which exert occult power for (or on) the user. They are:

a) Objects in occult or pagan worship – rosaries, crucifixes, pictures or statues of pagan deities, or “saints” (including those of ‘Jesus’ and ‘Mary’), occult regalia, religious altars, relics and others listed in 2 (b) above.

b) Materials with occult symbols or occult connotations – occult jewelries (ankhs, pentagrams, eyes, moon, horns etc), demonic sigils, Native American emblems (e.g totem poles, Kachina dolls), New Age music items, occult toys and role-playing games.

c) Objects “charged” with occult powers – charms, occult rings, “energy” swords or athames, hex signs, talisman, occult crystals, voodoo dolls, herbs and oils etc.

There are only two sources of supernatural knowledge and power in the universe: either God or Satan. There is no middle ground.

Since “God is light and in him there is no darkness,” the dark system of the occult is of Satan (1Jn. 1:9).

God has set a boundary between His kingdom and that of Satan, so, when a Christian crosses that boundary by dabbling in the occult, he steps into a zone where he is taken captive by Satan to do his will.

This captivity can be likened to “tentacles.” It binds to a person and gradually saps away his/her life.

God has clearly revealed His truth to man in His Word. There are no “secret teachings of Christ” or “inner room rites” in Christianity.

Jesus Himself said “I have spoken openly to the world … I said nothing in secret” (Jn. 18:20). He told His disciples: “What I tell you in the dark, speak in the daylight; what is whispered in your ear, proclaim from the roofs” (Mt. 10:27).

Continued in Part II

The Tentacles of the Occult II

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The Tentacles of the Occult part one.

The Daily Telegraph (Jan. 22, 2016) quotes “a proud witch” in Sydney saying, “We do spells, we do potions. When we work, we work in between the worlds. It’s not in this plane.”

They work in secret because they are in darkness and their works are evil.

Those who are in God’s kingdom “walk in the light, as he is in the light” and “have nothing to do with the fruitless deeds of darkness” (1Jn. 1:7; Eph. 5:11).

God’s servants know Whom they are serving but many Satan’s servants, being in darkness, do not know the true identity of whom they are serving.

God “so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son” (Jn. 3:18). His giving us His only Son shows us that He also freely gives us all other things.

But Satan never gives his life for anyone but instead demands they give up theirs or those of their loved ones. Like the boy who left a suicide note saying:

Dear Grandma and Grandpa, please forgive me but tonite [sic] is the night I give my life to Satan. I am going to sacrifice myself” (Arizona Republic, March 22, 1998, 6).

He was deceived by Satan to sacrifice himself so as to get a higher place in Hell. He will be shocked to see that there is no “higher place” but eternal torment! Dabbling in the occult is like a fish striking a baited hook. It may get a small reward, but what a great price it pays!

Satan who rules over the occult is “the Father of lies;” a master deceiver; a rebellious fallen angel; the prince of the air and ruler of a vast army of fallen angels and demons (Jn. 8:44, Rev. 12:7-9, Eph. 2:2).

Satan disguises himself such that most entry-level occultists don’t even know he is the source of their powers. They will sometimes argue that they serve Lucifer, the god of good, not the evil Satan Christians describe – even though their books indicate that both names refer to the same person.

In Diabolicon, Lucifer is the name of the archdaimon Satan. In Grimorium Verum, Lucifer is called “the emperor of spirits.” The Magus calls him the “Prince of Rebellion, angels and darkness and ruler of the infernal world.” The Satanic bible says he is one of the “princes of Hell” related to air and the East.

Most interactions in the occult are with evil spirits than Satan because he’s not omnipresent, so his army of demons fill in for him.

This is why a Christian toying with the occult is actually partaking of “the table of demons” and whatever they offer him/her at that evil dining table has serious tragic consequences (1 Cor. 10:21).

In the Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses for instance, there are different seals and “tables” of demons from which occult power can be drawn – those in the air, water, fire, earth and the planets. As a person invokes these demons, he/she has to pay the price that comes with it.

Ex-occultist, Romanus Ekeocha, recalls:

In the lodge we made use of so many magickal books … As many members were afraid to tackle the books by themselves, they appealed to me to make them rich, which I later did and they received the repercussion. Some died, while others lost their children, because in Magick, nothing is free. It is of Magick and of pact” (Christian Alive magazine, Vol. 2, No. 14:6).

Any involvement in the occult, no matter how lightly can have serious consequences. A lady described her ordeal after using an Ouija board:

I started to experience strange things. For example, in the middle of the night I’d awaken by the sound of someone running down the hallway and opening or slamming the front door. I would get up to check it out, but there was nothing to see … I would hear someone walking up my bedroom steps and walking across my floor towards me in bed. I would turn around, but no one was there. I would lie in bed and feel the entire bed shake as if it were pushed. Shadows would move across my walls when there was nothing to cast a shadow” (Christian Alive, November/December 2004, p. 2).

Most demons invoked in witchcraft have their specialty, rank, element, sigil and animal emblems. For example:

• Beelzebub is invoked to control the airways, assist martial arts and aid astral traveling.

• Asmodeus (symbolized by the whale) specializes in breaking marriages/relationships and sexual lust.

• Abbadon is used for occult warfare and is summoned in satanic rites.

• Ashtaroth (also called the Queen of heaven), is symbolized as the cobra or lion. She is said to impart divination abilities, offer connections with world rulers and teach occult sciences.

Thoth/Hermes is the demon behind occult healing and magic.

Adrammeleck is a demon of occult destruction and is another name for Molech.

The reality is that demonic spells do not always work. This is why an applicant has to practice blood rituals and human sacrifices to get more power. Thomas Keziah, an ex-witch recalls:

We began by using cats …We practiced cruel tortures on these poor animals for our own pleasure. We got worse and worse the more spirits we called and started to use dogs, pigeons …We sacrificed animals, humans, anything we could get to serve our master Satan. We all grew to love the taste and sight of blood as we powered up to fight our enemies [Christians].”

Occult Subjection Syndrome

When a Christian (or non-Christian) is trapped by occult tentacles, there are certain symptoms and signs that would be seen. Dr. Neil Foster calls this the Occult Subjection Syndrome (OSS). It is an occult penetration – whether superficial or massive – of dark powers into a person’s life. These are some symptoms of OSS:

1. Obsession with death, torture or suicidal themes in speech or writing. Another is an obsession with horror or occult movies.

2. Gothic dressing (black clothing, make-up, hair dyed black and fingernails), use of occult jewelry, strange attires. Some witches are demonically programmed to appear this way, while others aren’t.

Famous witch, Laurie Cabot, belongs in the former category. She told Oprah Winfrey many years ago:

We wear black because it’s a tool – it’s like wearing a rainbow, it draws in light, so it helps us to be more balanced and psychic. We use our tools, we emulate our gods and goddesses by dressing and wearing makeup, and that’s our emulation.”

3. A strange pleasure derived by torturing/mutilating animals or humans.

4. Intense sexual depravity. Sexual restrain is one of the first virtues that is quickly broken down by the occult. Demon worship often opens people up to perverse spirits which lead them into sexual excesses.

5. Heightened interests in or obsession with occult art, books, themes and websites.

In 2009, during my university days, a Christian lady who was hooked on Rosicrucian websites was introduced to me by a mutual friend. When we met, she had a strange aura about her.

I was unable to discuss with her as she brought up arguments that entirely changed the subject. That was a tactic her demons used to divert me. I know better now.

6. Obsession with occult music, lyrics, symbols or paintings. They may have tattoos of such symbols on their body, or use it as their display pictures on social media. They may write strange codes or dark poems in books or journals.

7. Involvement in spells and sorcery. This is evident by finding an altar in the bedroom, often laced with incense, candles or pictures of satanic icons or occult books.

There are also some signs the person shows.

1. Writing/spelling words backwards. This code was also elucidated by Aleister Crowley in his satanic revelation:

Let the Exempt adept first train himself to think backwards by external means … Let him learn to write backwards with either hand … Let him learn to walk backwards … Let him practise speaking backwards; thus ‘I am He” let him say: ‘Eh ma I” (Liber Al vel leges, CMXIII).

This “law of reversal” is also utilized by some occultists in the entertainment world.

2. Personality changes. A naturally kind, jovial person quickly changes into a depressed, slovenly, violent and argumentative persona. Rebellion is usually a vital sign. Some will start to talk like a sage or in rhymes.

3. Becoming very secretive and reclusive. There seems to be a mind control spirit that usually latches itself to people dabbling in the occult. It makes them pull away from everyone – especially from real Christians – and will only make them move with like-minded folks. It is a method used to seal their minds from the truth.

4. Hearing and seeing what others can’t. Most occultists hear demonic voices in their heads.

I know a guy who hears such voices and they would even instruct him on the specific spices to add to his food. Seeing demons physically or sensing the least demonic vibrations is another common sign.

5. Loss of humour. The person habitually wears a dark countenance and lacks normal human emotion. He only responds to the demonic “triggers” planted in his mind.

6. A piercing gaze, or a “lifeless” look in the eyes. It indicates demonic control. In one person I saw, his eyeballs were kind of whiter than normal human eyes.

7. A strong revulsion when the name of Jesus is mentioned or the Bible is quoted. When this happens, such a person would scream, curse, shudder, block his/her ears or fall to the ground. Most will display irrational hostility against Christian churches or the Bible.

8. Abnormal fears or terrifying panic. This is due to demonic torment – both in dreams and reality. Watch out also for abnormal sleeping patterns.

How to be free:

1. Verbally reject Satan and his demons and believe and boldly confess the Lord Jesus Christ as your God and faith in His finished work on the cross (Rom. 10:9-10).

2. Prayerfully confess the sin of pride in seeking occult power and renounce each occult sins/rites dabbled into. Break and renounce all pacts, covenants, commissions, rituals, seals or oaths made (1 Jn. 1:9).

3. Cast out the demon spirits that have taken residence (Lk. 10:19). For those who have worked with or invoked specific demons, each has to be rejected by name and cast out in Jesus’ name. This requires fervent prayer and of course, fasting.

4. Destroy all occult materials, emblems or books by fire (Acts 19:19). Retaining occult materials will keep the bondage intact. Finally, stand firm in your freedom in Christ and don’t be re-entangled in the “yoke of bondage” (Gal. 5:1).